Arrivals and departures
Throughout the decade, a variety of groups continued to fuse the genres of rock and jazz. ‘Nucleus’, a pioneering British band formed in 1969 by trumpeter Ian Carr, gained popularity playing and recording music based loosely on the jazz-rock innovations of Miles Davis. With the passing of icons such as Louis Armstrong in 1971, Duke Ellington in 1974 and others, jazz’s first-generation giants began to leave the scene.
Meanwhile multicultural ensembles including Chris MacGregor’s ‘Brotherhood of Breath’ and Dudu Pukwana’s ‘Spear’ continued to bring new and vibrant musical influences to Britain’s contemporary jazz scene. John Dankworth and Cleo Laine founded the educational ‘Wavendon All Music Plan’. From 1973, as a musical duo they would be the first to conquer America and Europe, and would do so for the next thirty years. John Dankworth was awarded a CBE in 1974 and a knighthood in 2006 for services to music.